December 9, 2023

ZAPORIZHZHIA, Ukraine (AP) — Alone in his condo within the Russian-occupied metropolis of Enerhodar in southeastern Ukraine, nuclear plant safety guard Serhiy Shvets appeared out his kitchen window in late Might and noticed gunmen approaching on the road under. When his buzzer rang, he was certain he was about to die.

Shvets, a former soldier in Ukraine’s navy who was loyal to Kyiv, knew the gunmen would both kill or abduct and torture him. He thought briefly about recording a farewell to his household, who had fled to security overseas, however as an alternative lit a cigarette and grabbed his gun.

Six Russian troopers broke down his door and opened fireplace, which he returned. Wounded within the hand, thigh, ear, and abdomen, Shvets started to lose consciousness. Earlier than he did, he heard the commander of the group inform his males to stop fireplace and name an ambulance.

Shvets, who survived the taking pictures, is amongst employees from the Zaporizhzhia Nuclear Energy Plant recounting their fears of being kidnapped and tortured or killed by Russian forces occupying the power and the town of Enerhodar. Ukrainian officers say the Russians have sought to intimidate the workers into maintaining the plant operating, by means of beatings and different abuse. but in addition to punish those that categorical assist for Kyiv.


Life was good for workers of the Zaporizhzhia Nuclear Energy Plant earlier than the Russian invasion of Feb. 24. They had been assured a financially safe and secure life for his or her households.

And despite the fact that Ukraine nonetheless bears the psychological scars of the world’s worst atomic accident at Chernobyl in 1986, the Zaporizhzhia plant — Europe’s largest nuclear facility with its six reactors — supplied jobs for about 11,000 folks, making Enerhodar and its prewar inhabitants of 53,000 one of many wealthiest cities within the area.

However after Russia occupied the town early within the conflict, that once-comfortable life changed into nightmare.

The invaders overran the ZNPP, about 6 kilometers (almost 4 miles) from Enerhodar, however saved the Ukrainian workers in place to run it. Either side accused the opposite of shelling the plant that broken energy traces connecting it to the grid, elevating worldwide alarm for its security. Ukrainian officers say the Russians used the plant as a defend from which to fireplace shells on close by cities.

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Reviews of intimidation of the workers and abductions started trickling out over the summer time. Rafael Mariano Grossi, head of the Worldwide Atomic Power Company, the U.N.’s atomic watchdog, informed The Related Press about reviews of violence between the Russians and the Ukrainian workers.

About 4,000 ZNPP employees fled. Those that stayed cited threats of kidnap and torture — underscored by the kidnapping Friday of plant director Ihor Murashov, who was seized and blindfolded by Russian forces on his means dwelling from work.

He was freed Monday after being pressured to make false statements on digicam, in accordance with Petro Kotin, head of Energoatom, Ukraine’s state nuclear firm. Kotin informed AP Murashov was launched on the fringe of Russian-controlled territory and walked about 15 kilometers (9 miles) to Ukrainian-held areas.

“I’d say it was psychological torture,” Kotin stated of what Murashov suffered. “He needed to say that each one the shelling on the Zaporizhzhia Nuclear Energy Plant was made by Ukrainian forces and that he’s a Ukrainian spy … involved with Ukrainian particular forces.”

Enerhodar’s exiled Mayor Dmytro Orlov, who spoke to Murashov after his launch, stated the plant official informed him he had spent two days “in solitary confinement within the basement, with handcuffs and a bag on his head. His situation can hardly be known as regular.”

President Volodymyr Zelenskyy, described Murashov’s abduction as “yet one more manifestation of completely uncovered Russian terror.”


Greater than 1,000 folks, together with plant employees, had been kidnapped from Enohodar, though some have been launched, estimated Orlov, who fled to Zaporizhzhia, the closest metropolis beneath Ukrainian management, after refusing to cooperate with the Russians. Kotin estimated that 100-200 stay kidnapped.

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Orlov stated the primary abduction was March 19, when Russians seized his deputy, Ivan Samoidiuk, whose whereabouts stays unknown. The abductions then accelerated, he stated.

“Largely, they took folks with a pro-Ukrainian place, who had been actively concerned within the resistance motion,” he stated.

Orlov alleged they had been tortured at numerous places in Enerhodar, together with on the metropolis’s police station, in basements elsewhere and even within the ZNPP itself.

“Horrible issues occur there,” he stated. “Individuals who managed to return out say there was torture with electrical currents, beatings, rape, shootings. … Some folks didn’t survive.”

Comparable websites had been seen by AP journalists in components of the Kharkiv area deserted by Russian troops after a Ukrainian counteroffensive. Within the metropolis of Izium, an AP investigation uncovered 10 separate torture websites.

Plant employee Andriy Honcharuk died in a hospital July 3 shortly after the Russians launched him, overwhelmed and unconscious, for refusing to comply with their orders on the facility, Orlov stated.

Oleksii, a employee who stated he was liable for controlling the plant’s generators and reactor compartment, fled Enerhodar in June when he realized Russian troops had been searching for him. The 39-year-old requested to not be recognized by his full title for worry of reprisal.

“It was psychologically tough,” Oleksii informed the AP in Kyiv. “You go to the station and see the occupiers there. You come to your office already depressed.”

Many plant staff “visited the basements” and had been tortured there, he stated.

“Graves appeared within the forest that surrounds the town. That’s, everybody understands that one thing horrible is occurring,” he stated. “They abduct folks for his or her pro-Ukrainian place, or in the event that they discover any Telegram teams on their cellphone. That is sufficient for them to take an individual away.”

One other worker who spoke on situation of anonymity for worry of his security stated he was unafraid of working on the plant amid shelling however determined to flee in September after colleagues had been seized. He stated Russians visited his dwelling twice whereas he was away, and the potential of torture was an excessive amount of for him.

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The plant’s final reactor was shut down in September to protect in opposition to a catastrophe from fixed shelling that lower dependable exterior energy provides wanted for cooling and different security techniques. Kotin stated the corporate might restart two of the reactors in a matter of days to guard security installations as winter approaches and temperatures drop.

However the energy plant sits in one in every of 4 areas that Russia has moved to annex, making its future unsure.

Kotin on Tuesday renewed his name for a “demilitarized zone” across the plant, the place two IAEA consultants are based mostly.


For Serhiy Shvets, whose condo was raided Might 23, it was solely a matter of time earlier than the Russians got here for him throughout the occupation of Enerhodar, he stated. He had signed as much as serve in Ukraine’s territorial protection forces shortly after the invasion and had despatched his spouse and different family overseas for security.

He stated the Russian forces who shot him known as the ambulance “so I might die within the hospital.”

Medical doctors initially gave him a 5% likelihood of survival after he misplaced almost two-thirds of his blood. However following a number of operations, he was effectively sufficient to depart Enerhodar in July and resides in Zaporizhzhia.

Shvets, whose proper hand is in a metallic brace, quietly exhaled from ache as he moved it and stated the one factor he regrets now could be that he’s too disabled to battle.

“I’m a descendant from Zaporozhian Cossacks,” he stated, referring to his ancestors who lived on the territory of Ukraine from the fifteenth to 18th centuries and defended it from invaders. “There was no such factor as give up for them — simply freedom or loss of life.”

He added: “Why would I would like such a life if I don’t have my freedom?”

Yuras Karmanau in Tallinn, Estonia, contributed.

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